Just after publication of Le triangle rouge
and Le retour de Cromwell Stone
, Le Lombard
published the album Styx
by Philippe Foerster
and, again, Andreas
Foerster wrote the scenario and made pencil drawings. Andreas was responsible for the
inking of the pencilwork.
is a successful, melancholy, detectivestory, pivoting around crash
a perilous new drug. Whoever uses the drug becomes a genious, yet dies
afterwards of an overdose. Private detective Laurel Hardy gets, after having
been asked to do an appearingly simple routinejob that turns out to be
much more complicated, on track of a gang that is responsible for the production
of crash. He seems to be able to help his brother, policeman Frank Hardy,
who wages a war of many years' standing against the drugssyndicate, at last.
But things turn out just somewhat different.
The appearance of Styx (1995, Le Lombard)
means that there have been published three albums
of Andreas by three diverse publishers in a short period of time. This is confusing to the
customer, who will likely not buy all three books, but will make a choice, because of
financial restrictions. Publishers, too, will not be pleased with this situation: their
author appears to be distributed over several publisher's lists, and the excess of Andreas
has probably a negative effect on sales figures.
I asked representatives of Arboris
, and Le Lombard
According to Herman Jonas
such a situation can occur when
a draftsman is not bound to a publisher.
Often his rights are represented by an agent
or a publisher. This person will determine with which foreign publisher to do business.
The company that offers most money, or that will be prepared to share in the costs of a new
project, will be chosen. It's a liberated gang, for example, one can never be certain of the
rights of an entire series. If another publisher offers more, you've lost the series.
Concerning Andreas, his books are published in France mostly by Delcourt
also does some strips, but it keeps the translations into its own hand.
At a certain moment we heard that Delcourt
wanted to publish Le triangle rouge
Accordingly we have expressed our interest for a Dutch translation. This was short-wired
then fairly quickly with Delcourt
. We took part of the total printing costs for
our account. The Dutch version thus was printed at the same time as the French version -
this cuts printing costs - and published simultaneously too.
Herman Jonas: No, publishers don't correspond a lot with each other. There is no
consulting-culture, there is a kind of competition, an aversion to telling a colleague
what you are working on. Actually this is not good. There should be more communication
in the strips publishing world, for example to determine if we as publishers
are not saturating the market. Or that we inform each other if one of us attracts
a foreign author that is also enlisted with another publisher. But I fear that
publishers are to much individualists to have a structural contact with each other.
Mat Schifferstein (Sherpa)
agrees that the policy of publishers can be
unfathomable. According to him this is because there are so many strips published abroad
Mat Schifferstein (Sherpa): Sherpa
only publishes a handful of books each year, though there
are enough other books in which we are interested. It's just that we simply do not have the
money for it, or another strips publisher hijacks the title from under our noses.
Our negotiating position with Delcourt
for example is not so strong, because
we are less commercially oriented than most other publishers. A high impression (site-editor:
number of published copies) is difficult for us, let alone that we can pour
a lot of money in a cooperative relationship. Thus it can happen that a story like
Le triangle rouge
ends up with Arboris
That Le retour de Cromwell Stone
has been published by Sherpa
had to with the fact that
we had done the first part as well. And it is a black-and-white strip. Many publishers
judge the printing of it to be too costly in comparison to the profits. That's how
we could come to an agreement with Delcourt
. Only, it took nine months, after
the publication of the French version, before we had round up everything with Delcourt.
Then we published Le retour de Cromwell Stone
as fast as possible, and that coincided unexpectedly
with the publication of Le triangle rouge
of Le Lombard
considers the copublication of the three
Andreas books a seldom coindicence. Even so, he considers it a symptom of the sometimes
unfathomable publishing policy in the world of strips.
Yves Sente: The main cause is that strip draftsmen are currently working not for one
fixed, but several publishers. We also loose the overview regularly. Added to this, I
use are yearplanning in which every month a fixed number of books is to appear,
according to a certain distribution. For example one leader - a new album
from a well-known series - and two new first albums of a brand new series. This is
enough work for me and I can't also take into account the plans of my colleagues.
Despite all confusion an competition, the consumer has found its way to the
Andreas-albums. De rode driehoek (1995, Arboris)
, in a numbered edition of 1000 copies, is going well.
De terugkeer van Cromwell Stone (1995, Sherpa)
is even sold out. "We're still thinking about a reprint."
says Mat Schifferstein (Sherpa)
"Part 1 of Cromwell Stone
has appeared with
and, as reprint in the K2
collection of Sherpa
Le retour de Cromwell Stone
we published in the same form as the book of Zet.El
We still have to decide if we are going to do a reprint of the book as a K2
book. It would be a nice gesture to the ones that bought the first part of
book. The problem is only that bookshops don't
fancy the K2
collection. They find the size too clumsy and don't stock
any copies. Despite this, we pursue, since we think that a series like
only comes to its full right in such a large size."
of Le Lombard
has not received the sales figures of Styx
On the size of the impression he can say that in total, French and Dutch, there are 15000 copies.
(site-editor: Yves Sente
of Le Lombard
"Our aim with the next project of Andreas, Capricorne
, is to reach
a larger audience. The traditional comic-book reader is, when he opens an Andreas book,
often deterred by the unconventional drawings and the unusual page layouts. The intention
is that Capricorne will be a more common adventure series that will sell amongst
the large group of common comix-fans."